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  1. Use three ellipsis points to indicate the omission of one or more words within quoted material. (CM15 11.57; CM14 10.39) Use a space before and after, but not between, ellipses.
    • “Ellipsis points are used ... to indicate the omission of one or more words.”
  2. Use four ellipsis points to indicate the omission of the last words of a quoted sentence. (CM15 11.57; CM14 10.55) If the portion of the sentence that is being quoted reads like a complete sentence, use one period, a space, and three ellipsis points. If the sentence is incomplete, use a space and four ellipsis points.
    • “Ellipsis points are used by editors to indicate omissions. ...”
    • “Ellipsis points are used by editors to indicate ....”
  3. Do not use ellipsis points at the beginning of a sentence when part of a quote is omitted. (CM15 11.54; CM14 10.55, 10.61)
    • “And Jill came tumbling after” is the part of the nursery rhyme that most people forget.


See Computer Terminology section.


When a faculty member holds an endowed chair or distinguished professorship, the first letter of each principal word is capitalized. When the chair itself is part of a formal name, it also should be capitalized.

  • William P. Thomas, who is the R.K. Mellon Professor of Physics and Distinguished Service, will be the guest speaker.
  • The company’s gift helped to establish the J.W. Smith Chair in Psychology.
  • Robert Brandom, Distinguished Service Professor of Philosophy, will present some of his research findings at the conference.
  • Weidlein Chair in Environmental Engineering; the Weidlein professorship



Ethnicity and race should be mentioned only when they are pertinent and their pertinence is clear to the reader.

In light of the 2003 Supreme Court ruling (Grutter v. Bollinger et al.) related to the University of Michigan Law School’s admissions policy, language concerning affirmative action and the recruitment of traditionally underrepresented populations must be carefully chosen and consistent with the law. The specific language that should be used is the province of legal counsel and should be decided on a case-by-case basis. When working on copy/text related to the recruitment of traditionally underrepresented populations, contact the Department of Communications Services for assistance.